D. Hird 

YEAR 1

Number and

Place Value

Pupils should be taught to:-

  • count to and across 100, forwards and backwards, beginning with 0 or 1, or from any given number.
  • count, read and write numbers to 100 in numerals, count in different multiples including ones, twos, fives and tens.
  • given a number, identify one more and one less.
  • identify and represent numbers using concrete objects and pictorial representations including the number line, and use the language of : equal to, more than, less than, fewer, most, least.
  • read and write numbers from 1 to 20 in digits and words.
  • recall doubles and halves to 20
  • introduce the use of the inequality sign e.g. 35 < 53

Addition and

Subtraction

Pupils should be taught to:-

  • read, write and interpret mathematical statements involving addition (+), subtraction (-) and equals (=) signs.
  • represent and use number bonds and related subtraction facts within 20
  • add and subtract one-digit and two- digit numbers to 20, including 0
  • solve simple one step problems that involve addition and subtraction, using concrete objects and pictorial representations, and missing numbers

Multiplication

and division

Pupils should be taught to:-

  • solve simple one-step problems involving multiplication and division, calculating the answer using concrete objects, pictorial representations and arrays with the support of the teacher.

Fractions

Pupils should be taught to:-

  • recognise, find and name a half as one of two equal parts of an object, shape or quantity.
  • recognise, find and name a quarter as one of four equal parts of an object, shape or quantity.

Measures

 

Pupils should be taught to:-

    • Compare, describe and solve practical problem for:-
      • lengths and heights(long/short, longer/shorter, tall/short, double/half)
      • mass or weight (heavy/light, heavier/lighter, heavier than, lighter than)
      • capacity/volume (full/empty, more than, less than, quarter)
      • time (quicker, slower, earlier, later)
    • measure and begin to record the following:-
      • lengths and heights
      • mass/weight
      • capacity and volume
      • time (hours, minutes, seconds
    • recognise and know the value of different denominations of coins and notes
    • sequence events in chronological order using language such as: before, first, today, yesterday, tomorrow, morning, afternoon and evening.
    • recognise and use language relating to dates, including days of the week, weeks, months and years.
    • tell the time to the hour and half past the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times.

Geometry:

properties

of shape

Pupils should be taught to:-

  • recognise and name common 2-D and 3-D shapes including:
  • 2-D shapes (e.g. rectangles (including squares), circles and triangles
  • 3-D shapes (e.g. cuboids (including cubes), pyramids and spheres)

Geometry:

position,

direction,

motion

Pupils should be taught to:-

  • Order and arrange combinations of objects and shapes in patterns
  • Describe position, directions and movements, including half, quarter     and three-quarter turns.

 

YEAR 2

Number and

place value

Pupils should be taught to:-

  • count in steps of 2,3 and 5 from 0, and count in tens from any number, forward or backward
  • recognise the place value of each digit in a two-digit number (tens, ones)
  • identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations, including the number line.
  • compare and order numbers from 0 up to 100: use <, > and = signs.
  • read and write numbers to at least 100 in numerals and in words.
  • use place value and number facts to solve problems.
  • recall doubles and halves to 30+

Addition and

subtraction

Pupils should be taught to:-

  • solve simple one-step problems with addition subtraction
    • using concrete objects and pictorial representations, including those involving numbers, quantities and measures
    • applying their increasing knowledge of mental and written methods
  • recall and use addition facts to 20 fluently, and derive and use related facts up to 100
  • add and subtract numbers using concrete objects, pictorial representations, and mentally, including:-
    • a two-digit number and ones
    • a two-digit number and tens
    • two two-digit numbers
    • adding three one-digit numbers
  • show that addition of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and subtraction of one number from another cannot recognise and use the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction and use this to check calculations and missing number problems

Multiplication

and division

Pupils should be taught to:-

  • recall and use multiplication and division facts for the 2, 5 and 10 multiplication tables, including recognising odd and even numbers.
  • calculate mathematical statements for multiplication and division within the multiplication tables and write them using the multiplication (x), division (-) and equals (=) signs
  • recognise and use the inverse relationship between multiplication and division in calculations
  • show that multiplication of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and division of one number by another cannot
  • solve one-step problems involving multiplication and division, using materials, arrays, repeated addition, mental methods, and multiplication     and division facts, including problems in contexts

Fractions

Pupils should be taught to:-

  • recognise, find, name and write fractions 1/3 ¼ 2/4 and ¾  1/5 of a length, shape, set of objects or quantity
  • write simple fractions e.g. ½ of 6 = 3 and recognise the equivalence of two quarters and one half

Measures

Pupils should be taught to:-

  • choose and use appropriate standard units to estimate and measure length/weight in any direction (m/cm): mass (kg/g): temperature (oC): capacity (litres/ml) to the nearest appropriate unit, using rulers, scales, thermometers and measuring vessels
  • compare and order lengths, mass, volume/capacity and record the results using >, < and =
  • read relevant scales to the nearest numbered unit
  • recognise and use symbols for pounds (£) and pence (p), combine amounts to make a particular value and match different combinations of coins to   equal the same amounts of money: add and subtract money of the same unit, including giving change.
  • solve simple problems in a practical context involving addition and subtraction of money
  • compare and sequence intervals of time
  • tell and write the time to five minutes, including quarter past/to the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times
Geometry

Pupils should be taught to:-

  • identify and describe the properties of 2-D shapes, including the number of sides and symmetry in a vertical line
  • identify and describe the properties of 3-D shapes, including the number of edges, vertices and faces
  • identify 2-D shapes on the surface of 3-D shapes, for example a circle on a cylinder and a triangle on a pyramid
  • compare and sort common 2-D and 3-D shapes and everyday objects

Geometry: position,

direction, motion

Pupils should be taught to:-

  • order and arrange combinations of mathematical objects in patterns
  • use mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction and movement, including distinguishing between rotation as a turn and in terms of right angles for quarter, half and three-quarter turns (clockwise and anti-clockwise), and movement in a straight line.

Data

Pupils should be taught to:-

  • interpret and construct simple pictograms, tally charts, block diagrams and simple tables
  • ask and answer simple questions by counting the number of objects in each category and soting the categories by quantity
  • ask and answer questions about totaling and compare categorical data